PRESIDENT WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON
STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS
JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS
THE CAPITOL OF THE UNITED STATES
January 24, 1995
(Applause, cheers.) Thank you very much. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. (Continued cheers, applause.) Thank you. Thank you. Mr. President, Mr. Speaker, members of the 104th Congress, my fellow Americans, again we are here in the sanctuary of democracy, and once again our democracy has spoken. So let me begin by congratulating all of you here in the 104th Congress and congratulating you, Mr. Speaker. (Applause.) If we agree on nothing else tonight, we must agree that the American people certainly voted for change in 1992 and in 1994. (Applause.) And as I look out at you, I know how some of you must have felt in 1992! (Laughter.) But(laughs)(applause)I must say that in both years we didnt hear America singing, we heard America shouting, and now all of us, Republicans and Democrats alike, must say, We hear you. We will work together to earn the jobs you have given us.(Applause.) For we are the keepers of a sacred trust and we must be faithful to it in this new and very demanding era.
Over 200 years ago, our founders changed the entire course of human history by joining together to create a new country based on a single powerful idea: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, and among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
It has fallen to every generation since then to preserve that idea, the American idea, and to deepen and expand its meaning in new and different times. To Lincoln and to his Congress, to preserve the Union and to end slavery. To Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, to restrain the abuses and excesses of the Industrial Revolution and to assert our leadership in the world. To Franklin Roosevelt, to fight the failure and pain of the Great Depression, and to win our countrys great struggle against fascism. And to all our presidents since, to fight the Cold War.
Especially I recall two who struggled to fight that Cold War in partnership with Congresses where the majority was of a different party. To Harry Truman, who summoned us to unparalleled prosperity at home, and who built the architecture of the Cold War, and to Ronald Reagan, whom we wish well tonight, and who exhorted us to carry on until the twilight struggle against Communism was won. (Applause.)
In another time of change and challenge I had the honor to be the first president to be elected in the post Cold War era, an era marked by the global economy, the information revolution, unparalleled change and opportunity and security for the American people. I came to this hallowed chamber two years ago on a mission, to restore the American dream for all our people and to make sure that we move into the 21st century still the strongest force for freedom and democracy in the entire world.
I was determined then to tackle the tough problems too long ignored. In this effort, I am frank to say that I have made my mistakes, and I have learned again the importance of humility in all human endeavor. But I am also proud to say tonight that our country is stronger than it was two years ago. (Applause.) Record numbers of Americans are succeeding in the new global economy. We are at peace, and we are a force for peace and freedom throughout the world. We have almost six million new jobs since I became president, and we have the lowest combined rate of unemployment and inflation in 25 years. (Applause.) Our businesses are more productive, and here we have worked to bring the deficit, to expand trade, to put more police on our streets, to give our citizens more of the tools they need to get an education and to rebuild their own communities. But the rising tide is not lifting all boats. While our nation is enjoying peace and prosperity, too many of our people are still working harder and harder for less and less. While our businesses are restructuring and growing more productive and competitive, too many of our people still cant be sure of having a job next year or even next month. And far more than our material riches are threatened, things far more precious to us: our children, our families, our values.
Our civil life is suffering in America today. Citizens are working together less and shouting at each other more. The common bonds of community which have been the great strength of our country from its very beginning are badly frayed.
What are we to do about it? More than 60 years ago, at the dawn of another new era, President Roosevelt told our nation new conditions imposed new requirements on government and those who conduct government. And from that simple proposition, he shaped the New Deal, which helped to restore our nation to prosperity and defined the relationship between our people and our government for half a century. That approach worked in its time, but we today, we face a very different time and very different conditions. We are moving from an industrial age built on gears and sweat to an information age demanding skills and learning and flexibility. Our government, once a champion of national purposes, is now seen by many as simply a captive of narrow interests, putting more burdens on our citizens rather than equipping them to get ahead. The values that used to hold us all together seem to be coming apart. So tonight, we must forge a new social compact to meet the challenges of this time. As we enter a new era, we need a new set of understandings, not just with government but even more important with one another as Americans. Thats what I want to talk with you about tonight. I call it the New Covenant, but its grounded in a very, very old idea: that all Americans have not just a right but a solemn responsibility to rise as far as their God-given talents and determination can take them, and to give something back to their communities and their country in return. Opportunity and responsibility, they go hand in hand; we cant have one without the other, and our national community cant hold together without both. (Applause.) Our new covenant is a new set of understanding for how we can equip our people to meet the challenges of the new economy, how we can change the way our government works to fit a different time, and above all, how we can repair the damaged bonds in our society and come together behind our common purpose.
We must have dramatic change in our economy, our government and ourselves. My fellow Americans, without regard to party, let us rise to the occasion. Let us put aside partisanship and pettiness and pride. As we embark on this new course, let us put our country, remembering that regardless of party label we are all Americans. And let the final test of everything we do be a simple one: Is it good for the American people? (Applause.) Let me begin by saying that we cannot ask Americans to be better citizens if we are not better servants. Youve made a good start by passing that law which applies to Congress all the laws you put on the private sector, and I was proud to sign it yesterday. (Applause, cheers.)
But we have a lot more to do before people really trust the way things work around here. Three times as many lobbyists are in the streets and corridors of Washington as were here 20 years ago. The American people look at their capital and they see a city where the well-connected and the well-protected can work the system, but the interests of ordinary citizens are often left out. As the new Congress opened its doors, lobbyists were still doing business as usualthe gifts, the trips, all the things that people are concerned about havent stopped. Twice this month you missed opportunities to stop these practices. I know there were other considerations in those votes, but I want to use something that Ive heard my Republican friends say from time to time, there doesnt have to be a law for everything. So tonight, I ask you to just stop taking the lobbyist perks. Just stop. (Applause, cheers.)
We dont have to wait for legislation to pass to send a strong signal to the American people that things are really changing. But I also hope you will send me the strongest possible lobby reform bill, and Ill sign that too. (Applause.) We should require lobbyists to tell the people for whom they work, what theyre spending, what they want. We should also curb the role of big money in elections by capping the costs of campaigns and limiting the influence of PACs. (Applause.) And as I have said for three years, we should work to open the airwaves so that they can be an instrument of democracy, not a weapon of destruction, by giving free TV time to candidates for public office. (Applause.) When the last Congress killed political reform last year, it was reported in the press that the lobbyists actually stood in the halls of this sacred building and cheered. This year lets give the folks at home something to cheer about. (Applause.)
More important, I think we all agree that we have to change the way the government works. Lets make it smaller, less costly and smarter, leaner not meaner. (Applause.) I just told the Speaker the equal time doctrine is alive and well. (Laughter.) The New Covenant approach to governing is as different from the old bureaucratic way as the computer is from the manual typewriter. The old way of governing around here protected organized interests. We should look out for the interests of ordinary people. The old way divided us by interests, constituency or class.
The New Covenant way should unite us behind a common vision of whats best for our country.
The old way dispensed services through large top-down, inflexible bureaucracies. The New Covenant way should shift these resources and decision-making from bureaucrats to citizens, injecting choice and competition and individual responsibility into national policy. (Applause.)
The old way of governing around here actually seemed to reward failure. The New Covenant way should have built-in incentives to reward success. The old way was centralized here in Washington. The New Covenant way must take hold in the communities all across America, and we should help them to do that. (Applause.)
Our job here is to expand opportunity, not bureaucracy, to empower people to make the most of their own lives(cheers, applause)and to enhance our security here at home and abroad.
We must not ask government to do what we should do for ourselves. We should rely on government as a partner to help us to do more for ourselves and for each other. (Applause.)
I hope very much that, as we debate these specific and exciting matters, we can go beyond the sterile discussion between the illusion that there is somehow a program for every problem on the one hand and the other illusion that the government is the source of every problem we have. Our job is to get rid of yesterdays government so that our own people can meet todays and tomorrows needs, and we ought to do it together. (Applause.)
You know, for years before I became president I heard others say they would cut government and how bad it was, but not much happened. We actually did it. We cut over a quarter of a trillion dollars in spending, more than 300 domestic programs, more than 100,000 positions from the federal bureaucracy in the last two years alone. Based on decisions already made, we will have cut a total of more than a quarter of a million positions from the federal government, making it the smallest it has been since John Kennedy was president by the time I come here again next year. (Applause.)
Under the leadership of Vice President Gore, our initiatives have already saved taxpayers $63 billion. The age of the $500 hammer and the ash tray you can break on David Letterman is gone. (Laughter.) Dead-wood programs like mohair subsidies are gone. We streamlined the Agriculture Department by reducing it by more than 1,200 offices. Weve slashed the small business loan form from and inch thick to a single page. Weve thrown away the governments 10,000-page personnel manual, and the government is working better in important ways. FEMA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency has gone from being a disaster to helping people in disasters. (Applause.) You can ask the farmers in the middle west who fought the flood there or the people in California whove dealt with floods and earthquakes and fires, and theyll tell you that. Government workers working hand in hand with private business rebuilt southern Californias fractured freeways in record time and under budget. And because the federal government moved fast, all but one of the 5,600 schools damaged in the earthquake are back in business. Now, there are a lot other things that I could talk about; I want to just mention one because itll be discussed here in the next few weeks. University administrators all over the country have told me that they are saving weeks and weeks of bureaucratic time now because of our direct college loan program, which makes college loans cheaper and more affordable with better repayment terms for students, costs the government less and cuts our paperwork and bureaucracy for the government and for the universities. We shouldnt cap that program; we should give every college in America the opportunity to be a part of it. (Applause.)
Previous government programs gathered dust. The reinventing government report is getting results. And were not through. Theres going to be a second round of reinventing government. We propose to cut $130 billion in spending by shrinking departments, extending our freeze on domestic spending, cutting 60 public housing programs down to three, getting rid of over 100 programs we do not need, like the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Helium Reserve Program. (Cheers, applause.)
And were working on getting rid of unnecessary regulations and making them more sensible. The programs and regulations that have outlived their usefulness should go. We have to cut yesterdays government to help solve tomorrows problems. (Applause.) And we need to get government closer to the people its meant to serve. We need to help move programs down to the point where states and communities and private citizens in the private sector can do a better job; if they can do it, we ought to let them do it. We should get out of the way and let them do what they can do better. (Applause.) Taking power away from federal bureaucracies and giving it back to communities and individuals is something everyone should be able to be for. Its time for Congress to stop passing on to the states the cost of decisions we make here in Washington. (Cheers, applause.) I know there are still serious differences over the details of the unfunded mandates legislation, but I want to work with you to make sure we pass a reasonable bill which will protect the national interest and give justified relief where we need to give it. (Applause.)
For years Congress concealed in the budget scores of pet spending projects. Last year was no different. There was a million dollars to study stress in plants and $12 million for a tick removal program that didnt work. Its hard to remove ticks, those of us whove had them know. (Laughter.) But Ill tell you something, if youll give me the line-item veto, Ill remove some of that unnecessary spending. (Cheers, applause.)
But(groans and moans)I think we should all remember,and almost all of us would agree, that government still has important responsibilities. Our young people, we should think of this when we cut, our young people hold our future in their hands. We still owe a debt to our veterans. (Applause.) And our senior citizens have made us what we are. Now my budget cuts a lot, but it protects education, veterans, Social Security and Medicare, and I hope you will do the same thing. You should and I hope you will. (Applause.)
And when we give more flexibility to the states, let us remember that there are certain fundamental national needs that should be addressed in every state, North and South, East and West. Immunization against childhood disease. (Applause.) School lunches in all our schools. (Applause.) Head Start, medical care, nutrition for pregnant women and infants. (Applause.) Medical care and nutrition for pregnant women and infants, all these things. (Applause.) All these things are in the national interest.
I applaud your desire to get rid of costly and unnecessary regulations, but when we deregulate, lets remember what national action in the national interest has given us: safer food for our families, safer toys for our children, safer nursing homes for our parents, safer cars and highways, and safer workplaces, cleaner air and cleaner water.
Do we need common sense and fairness in our regulations? You bet we do. But we can have common sense and still provide for safe drinking water. We can have fairness and still clean up toxic dumps, and we ought to do it. (Applause.) Should we cut the deficit more? Well, of course we should. Of course we should. (Applause.) But we can bring it down in a way that still protects our economic recovery and does not unduly punish people who should not be punished and instead should be helped. I know many of you in this chamber support the balanced-budget amendment. (Applause.) I certainly want to balance the budget. Our administration has done more to bring the budget down and to save money than any in a very, very long time. (Applause.) If you believe passing this amendment is the right thing to do, then you have to be straight with the American people. They have a right to know what youre going to cut, what taxes youre going to raise(sustained applause)and how its going to affect them.
We should be doing things in the open around here. For example, everybody ought to know if this proposal is going to endanger Social Security. I would oppose that, and I think most Americans would. (Applause.)
Nothing has done more to undermine our sense of common responsibility than our failed welfare system. This is one of the problems we have to face here in Washington in our New Covenant. It rewards welfare over work; it undermines family values; it lets millions of parent get away without paying their child support; it keeps a minority but a significant minority of the people on welfare trapped on it for a very long time. Ive worked on this problem for a long time, nearly 15 years now. As a governor, I had the honor of working with the Reagan administration to write the last welfare reform bill back in 1988. In the last two years, we made a good start in continuing the work of welfare reform. Our administration gave two dozen states the right to slash through federal rules and regulations to reform their own welfare systems and to try to promote work and responsibility over welfare and dependency. Last year, I introduced the most sweeping welfare reform plan ever presented by an administration.
We have to make welfare what it was meant to bea second chance, not a way of life. We have to help those on welfare move to work as quickly as possible, to provide child care and teach them skills if thats what they need, for up to two years. But after that, there ought to be a simple, hard rule: anyone who can work must go to work. (Applause.) If the parent isnt paying child support, they should be forced to pay. (Applause.) We should suspend drivers licenses, track them across state lines, make them work off what they owe. That is what we should do. Governments do not raise children, people do, and the parents must take responsibility for the children they bring into this world. (Applause.) I want to work with you, with all of you, to pass welfare reform. But our goal must be to liberate people and lift them up from dependence to independence, from welfare to work, from mere child-bearing to responsible parenting. Our goal should not be to punish them because they happen to be poor. (Applause.) We should, we should require work and mutual responsibility, but we shouldnt cut people off just because theyre poor, theyre young, or even because theyre unmarried. We should promote responsibility by requiring young mothers to live at home with their parents or in other supervised settings, by requiring them to finish school, but we shouldnt put them and their children out on the street. (Applause.)
And(continued applause). And I know all the arguments pro and con, and I have read and thought about this for a long time. I still dont think we can in good conscience punish poor children for the mistakes of their parents. (Applause.) Now, my fellow Americans, every single survey shows that all the American people care about this without regard to party or race or region. So let this be the year we end welfare as we know it. But also let this be the year that we are all able to stop using this issue to divide America. No one is more eager to end welfare. (Applause.)
I may be the only president who has actually had the opportunity to sit in the welfare office, who has actually spent hours and hours talking to people on welfare. And I am telling you, the people who are trapped on it know it doesnt work. They also want to get off.
So we can promote together education, and work, and good parenting. I have no problem with punishing bad behavior, or the refusal to be a worker or a student, or a responsible parent. I just dont want to punish poverty and past mistakes. All of us have made our mistakes, and none of us can change our yesterdays, but every one of us can change our tomorrows. (Applause.) And Americas best example of that may be Lynn Woolsey, who worked her way off welfare to become a Congresswoman, from the state of California. (Applause.)
I know the members of this Congress are concerned about crime, as are all the citizens of our country. But I remind you that last year we passed a very tough crime bill, longer sentences, Three Strikes and Youre Out, almost 60 new capital punishment offenses, more prisons, more prevention, 100,000 more police. And we paid for it all by reducing the size of the federal bureaucracy and giving the money back to local communities to lower the crime rate. There may be other things we can do to be tougher on crime, to be smarter with crime, to help to lower that rate first. Well, if there are, lets talk about them and lets do them. But lets not go back on the things that we did last year that we know work, that we know work because the local law enforcement officers tell us that we did the right thing, because local community leaders whove worked for years and years to lower the crime rate tell us that they work. Lets look at the experience of our cities and our rural areas where the crime rate has gone down, and ask the people who did it, how they did it. And if what we did last year supports the decline